Piracy Attacks and Attempted Attacks 2010-2014

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Piracy Attacks and Attempted Attacks 2010-2014

Kamis, 11 Juni 2015 - 18:21:02 WIB | dibaca: 23 pembaca

Piracy attacks and attempted attacks 2010-14
IHS Maritime’s Veronika Farkas and Xavier Kwok report.

Overall figures for actual and attempted incidents in 2010-14 peaked then were driven down by international efforts such as Maritime Security Centre Horn of Africa (MSCHOA), UK Maritime Trade.

Operations (UKMTO), NATO Shipping Centre, and the Combined Maritime Forces to the Somalia, Gulf of  Aden and Red Sea regions.

In general, more serious incidents such as hijacks are declining. Violence against crews during such incidents  is less intense and fewer incidents are being reported of hostage taking, injuries, or kidnapping for ransom. But the downward trend in incidents excludes Southeast Asia and, in particular, Indonesia, where figures  peaked in 2014.

The focus of attacks, in fact, shifted significantly during the period towards Southeast Asia  and away from Somali, the Gulf of Aden, and the Red Sea. In 2014, there was no reoccurrence of once-familiar scenes of vessels being fired on, hijacked at least 200 nm off Somali Coast by pirates armed with  guns and even rocket-propelled grenades (RPGs), with their crew being kidnapped for ransom, as with  Samho Dream in 2010.

Southeast Asia, on the other hand, reported more and increasingly intensive attacks: petty thefts at  anchorages or berths, hijacks of underway tugs and barges, and hijacking of vessels underway in the open  sea (such as Ai Maru in 2014) to siphon off highly valued oil cargoes.

New hotspots are emerging such as the lower South China Sea between the islands of Anambas, Natuna,  and Tioman, alongside familiar hotspots such as the anchorages off Belawan, Chittagong, Dumai or Vung  Tau.

High-purity oil cargoes – easily disposable and more difficult to trace – are also emerging in this region as  principal hijack targets, fast replacing the hijacking of tugs for resale.

The Gulf of Guinea, meanwhile, is experiencing a surge in violent attacks. Pirates are arming themselves with  automatic weapons, firing on ships during attacks, kidnapping crew for ransom, hijacking vessels as  motherships, and siphoning off oil (as with MDPL Continental One in 2013). The reach of such attacks has extended from coastal waters to beyond 200 nm (for example, Kerala in 2014). Pirates here seem to get more from ransoming crew than from onboard looting or siphoning off lower-purity oil cargoes. (source : IHS MARITIME)






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